|Tallest Drop||8 m|
|Volume (avg.)||0.15 m3/s|
|Volume (max.)||2 m3/s|
|Primary form||Shallow cascade|
Juvankoski Waterfall is a nice tiered cascade located in the Pöytiö village in Salo, in Southwestern Finland. The waterfall flows in the Pernjoki River that flows down a rocky slope on the western shore of the Pernjärvi Lake. The fall is part of the surrounding cultural landscape of Juvankoski.
The waterfall is formed as water from the lake flows over the old regulation dam and continues its way down a few separate rock steps and rocky slopes. In addition, a considerable portion of the water bypasses the main waterfall by flowing through a smaller stream south of the main fall. After the fall, the river calms down, as the water continues its way through a dense forest towards the nearby Ylisjärvi Lake. The drop height of the main waterfall is approximately 8 metres (within a distance of about 30 metres), and total drop height of the entire rapids is 21 meters within a distance of 310 metres.
The Juvankoski Waterfall and its surroundings are especially well known for the industrial history of the place. One of the first paper mills in Finland was operated there by the power of the rapids in the 19th century. The paper mill was originally founded by an inspector of the nearby Kiikala glass factory in 1820, and it started its operations in 1824. The mill produced fine paper and cardboard until 1902, when it was destroyed by fire. Later there was also a sawmill and a small hydro power plant by the fall. The plant was closed in the 1970s.
Today, the former main building of the paper mill on the lake shore and the red sawmill building by the edge of the rapids have been restored for recreational use of the Salo Parish. The waterfall with its surroundings, including the buildings, belong to the Nationally significant built cultural environments, invented by the Finnish Heritage Agency. The industrial history of the area can be also seen in the waterfall, as there are still a couple of rocky pedestals, which once supported the wooden chute of the hydro power plant, standing in the stream.
Juvankoski Waterfall is easy to access by car, as there is a short dirt road leading to the sawmill yard from the nearby Juvankoskentie Road. It is then easy to park your car close to the sawmill, and go to see the waterfall behind the building. If you want to see the fall close up, you can cross the river downstream of the fall along an isthmus, through which the water flows in drainpipes. You can then climb your way up through the forest, following the river, all the way to the lake and dam. It is important to watch your steps, as the rocks can be very slippery.
All in all, Juvankoski is a beautiful and idyllic nature sight, surrounded by lush forests, bright lake and beautiful cultural environment of Finnish industrial history. The waterfall is at its best during the spring floods in May, and there is usually water in the river throughout the summer. Long periods of drought can, however, almost completely drain the river, as was the case in the summer of 2018 for a couple of weeks.
In addition to the cultural aspect, the value of the fall is reinforced by the fact that there are not many free waterfalls in Southwestern Finland. This is one – and it is easy to find and admire!
Juvankoskentie 212, 25130 Salo
GPS: 60.38878 (N), 23.35205 (E)
Open the location in Google Maps
The waterfall flows close to the parking place, behind the red sawmill building.
Waterfall on mapOpen the fall on the official terrain map of NLS
Video of the waterfall
Waterfall added to the site 30.05.2019, last updated 24.06.2019